Ozone Layer Protection

Ozone Layer Protection and Climate Benefits under the Montreal Protocol through Transforming Industry Sectors and Enforcement of Trade Regulations

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is poised to achieve a historical land mark. It has already reduced the production and consumption of nearly 100 ozone depleting substances (ODS) by more than 97%. It has triggered intensive research and technology innovation in particular the refrigeration & air-conditioning and foam sectors, agriculture and other sectors.

In addition to its ozone protection achievements, the Montreal Protocol has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by about 11 billion tonnes CO2-equivalent per year — which is 5-6 times the reduction target of the Kyoto Protocol between 2008 and 2012. Further beneficial spin offs include enhanced capacity of the countries to address the other chemical issues and prevent illegal rade.

The accelerated phase-out of HCFCs agreed by the Parties to the Protocol provides additional opportunities for the Montreal Protocol to contribute to climate protection. Currently, all developing Parties to the Montreal Protocol are preparing or implementing their national HCFC phase-out strategies to achieve a freeze in HCFC consumption in 2013 and 15% reduction in 2015.  Further transformations are taking place as part of the Parties’ efforts to promote more energy-efficient technologies and to use refrigerants with low or zero climate impact.

The side event highlights the contribution of the Montreal Protocol to climate protection and the prevention of illegal trade though capacity bulding of the enforcement officers. Selective case studies of technology transformation in developing countries including PepsiCola’s energy-efficient and hydrocarbon-based bottle coolers and Carrefour’s carbon dioxide-based supermarket refrigeration will be presented.

The establishment and enforcement of national legislation including trade restrictions and bans on HCFCs are the important driving forces for the development of new ozone and climate-friendly technologies. Customs officers are on the frontline of facilitating international trade as well as enforcing trade restrictions.

The side event will present the recent enforcement initiatives to prevent illegal trade in ODS in Europe & Central Asia.

Organizers: UNEP’s Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan.